The Industrial Revolution— Skilled and unskilled labour is available from the nearby areas. In the fifteenth century, textile manufacturing was an urban industry, controlled by wealthy merchants drapers who purchased raw wool, had it turned into cloth, and then sold it, often to other craftsmen who performed the final finishing steps, including dyeing and teaseling.
Estimates vary, but six spinners or more seem to have been required for every loom that was in operation.
Duringthe production of cloth in the decentralised powerloom sector was 18, million sq. Urban merchants continued to control production, but much of the work force was spread out through the countryside.
From this point there were no new inventions, but a continuous improvement in technology as the mill-owner strove to reduce cost and improve quality. In the sixteenth century, Venice and other Italian cities acquired silkworms and mulberry trees, and began silk manufacturing.
The first successful modern textile mill was established in Mumbai in Inthe National Jute Policy  was formulated with the objective of improving quality, increasing productivity and enhancing the yield of the crop.
Although the total production of cotton cloth increased considerably, the share of mill sector has been drastically reduced. Their task was to convert a mass of tangled, curling wool into long, straight, smooth fibers for worsteds by combing, or into a smooth ball of short wool fibers for woolens by carding.
Coimbatore is the largest cotton textile centre of this region.
But this mill could not survive and had to be closed down. The production of cloth as well as employment has been increasing in the powerloom sector.
The powerloom industry produces a wide variety of cloth with intricate designs. India also produces 1. Beforethe spinner would operate a partially powered mule with a maximum of spindles; after, self-acting mules with up to spindles could be built.
As a result, many of the spinners export yarn while apparel and garment manufacturers have to import fabric. The country had, therefore, to resort to large-scale imports of long staple cotton which was an extremely difficult task in view of the limited foreign exchange reserves.
There are at present 1, textile mills in the country, out of which mills are in public sector, in cooperative sector and 1, in private sector.
India projected a high production of textile lakh bales for Cotton was 'king' in the plantation economy of the Deep South. The cotton economy had close ties to the Northern banking industry, New England textile factories and the economy of Great Britain.
The textile industry provides direct employment to about more than 35 million people and is the second largest employment provider in India after agriculture.
Â§ Of this, textile industry alone accounts for 29 million and the apparel industry accounts for balance 6. India's first successful modern cotton textile mill was set up in Mumbai in The Swadeshi Movement and the World Wars saw the growth of the industry due to greater demand.
There was a setback. The textile industry is the world ’ s oldest branch of consumer goods manufacturing and covers the entire production chain of transforming natural and chemical fibers (such as cotton, wool, and oil) into end-user goods, including garments, household goods, and industrial textiles.
The textile industry in India traditionally, after agriculture, In the early years, the cotton textile industry was concentrated in the cotton growing belt of Rajasthan,Maharashtra and Gujarat. Availability of raw materials, market, transport, labour, moist climate and other factors contributed to localisation.
India’s textiles sector is one of the oldest industries in Indian economy dating back several centuries. Even today, textiles sector is one of the largest contributors to India’s exports with approximately 13 per cent of total exports.
The textiles industry is also labour intensive and is one of.Download