The interplay of these axes and their alternative logics will present us with the basis for selecting scenarios that we believe effectively bound the "envelope of uncertainty" that faces us. In active scanning, it is important to include information resources that represent different dimensions of the same category i.
The goal of environmental scanning is to alert decision-makers to potentially significant external impingements before they have crystallized so that decision-makers may have as much lead time as possible to consider and to plan for the implications of th is change.
The better we understand the multiplicity, interaction and uncertainties of these forces, the more realistic our planning is likely to be and the better able we can be to prepare ourselves for sudden shifts in trends and the onset of what would otherwise be surprises.
A problem with mathematical forecasting is that this technique is based entirely on historical data and a conceptual framework that requires that all relevant independent variables have been identified and measured. But not everything is uncertain; some things are relatively predictable.
This exercise can be as straightforward as a judgmental assessment by workshop participants as to how well or badly the strategy "plays out" in each scenario. Internal relationships between leaders and followers, as well as external relationships with clients, customers, vendors and the community are all prized.
Futures Research Quarterly, 1 3 However, our experience in working with leaders and managers in a variety of organizations indicates that similar questions and concerns develop as organizations implement strategic management.
We call this step strategic plans. In addition to social responsibility, there are other compelling motivations for 21st century organizations to make ethical values a priority. Because we have all been educated to believe that if we are to make decisions about the future of an organization, we must first know what the future that the organization will have to deal with will be like.
When leaders consistently reward those who choose to do what is right, it helps to create an ethical culture more than anything else could.
To achieve this ideal, there must be an alignment process that integrates business ethics with mission, vision, values, strategies and goals.
Kidder is the founder and president of the Institute for Global Ethics, an organization whose research has identified four key factors in creating a values-based culture.
Ethical values are essentially social in nature, therefore, this alignment process will be concerned with relationships and defining relational expectations.
Another approach is to keep extra resources at an additional cost, having more than necessary workers and raw materials provides a cushioning effect to slight changes and thereby minimizes risk. Judgmental forecasting requires that members of the planning team read the information gathered in the monitoring stage, and, using their judgment, estimate the direction, speed, scope, and intensity of change in trends and events.
Values-Based Culture In the 21st century, ethics is neither a luxury nor an option. What works in U. The availability of adequately skilled employees at various levels in the organization can change dramatically over the period of time. You will have to consider your strengths from own point of view.By creating a values-based culture within the organization, society can be improved by positive influences that perpetuate outside the organization.
About the Author Steve Brimmer is employed as director of corporate communications for NikSoft Systems Corp. in Reston, Va.
Ethics in Organizations and Leadership Janie B. Butts CHAPTER 4 • • Ethics must begin at the top of an organization. It is a leadership issue and the chief execu-tive must set the example. —FORMER CHIEF JUSTICE EDWARD HENNESSEY, Examine Pearson et al.’s characteristics of an exemplary ethical organization.
Organization’s External Environment. The external environment of an organization comprises of all the entities that exist outside its boundary, but have significant influence on its growth and survival. The literature review will conclude with the implications for further research, theory, and followers inside the organization.
Transformational leadership serves as a means to “create and examine the influence of transformational leadership on the following organizational outcomes. Greek shipowners have been quick to applaud the International Maritime Organization's (IMO) decision to consider safety implications associated with the marine fuels and their respective.
MODERN MANAGEMENT THEORIES AND PRACTICES: A CRITICAL OVERVIEW Introduction Second, management applies to any kind of organization.
Third, management applies to managers at all organizational levels. Fourth, the aim of all managers is the same –.Download